Dibru-Saikhowa is one of the biodiversity hot spots
situated in the south bank of the river Brahmaputra in the extreme east of Assam
state in India. It lies between 27°30' N to 27°45' N latitude and 95°10' E to
95°45'E longtitute at an average altitude of 118 m (range 110-126m) above the mean sea level.
Biogeographically the area exhibits the properties of both the Indian and malayan sub
regions and represents the North Eastern India-Brahmaputra valley Biogeographical province(9A).
Dibru-Saikhowa is among the most vibrant wildness on earth and is also distinct for her pristine scenic beauty.
Situated in the flood plan of Brahmaputra, Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many extremly rare and endangered species of wild life.
|Dibru Saikhowa enjoys a tropical monsoon climate with a hot and wet summur and cool and usually dry winter. The annual rainfall ranges from 2300 mm to 3800 mm. The main rainy months are June,July, August,September. The annual temperature of the area ranges from 7° C to 34° C where June,July and August are the hottest while December and January are the coolest months.|
|T he forest type of Dibru-Saikhowa comprises of semievergreen forests,deciduos forests, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. The National Park is having about 35.84% moist mixed forests, 9.50% degraded forests and 21.25% grassland. Main tree species of the area are Salix tetrasperma, Bischofia javanica, Dillenia indica,Bombax ceiba,Terminalia myriocarpa,Lagerstroemia parviflora,Mesua ferrea, Dalbergia sissoo,Ficus spp. etc. are some of the species of the orchid flora of Dibru-Saikhowa. Arundo donax,Imperata cylindrica,Phragmaties karka,Erianthus ravanea, Saccharum spp. are dominant species of grasses in the Natioal Park.|
|A total 36 species of mammals have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa, of which 12 are listed in the schedule 1 of Wild life(Protection) Act 1972. The mammalian species of Dibru-Saikhowa includes - Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard,Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque,Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hollock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar,Samber, Hog Deer, barking Deer, Asiatic Water Buffalo, Feral Horses etc.|
|The Dibru-Saikhowa is equally rich and diver in herpeto fauna. 2 species of Monitor Lizards, 8 species of Turtles and 8 species of Snakes have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa. 62 different species of fishes and more than 350 species of birds have also been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa.|
|The avi fauna of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Great Grebe, Indian Shag,Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Night Heron,Yellow Bittern,Openbill Stork, Black Stork, Large Whisstling Teal, Greylag Groose,Common Pintail, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Crested Serpent Eagle,Spot Billed Pelican, White Winged Duck, Bear's Poachard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Pale Capped Pigon, Great Pied Hornbill, March Babbler, Jardon's Babbler, Black Breasted Parrotbill etc.|
|Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is generally kept open for tourist from month of November to April or as notified by the National Park Authority. A written permission from the Park Authority for entering into the National Park is obligatory. No entry after sunset and before sunrise is permitted in the Park. Guijan Ghat and Saikhowa ghat are the two entry points for tourists. Night halt and pickniking inside the Park is strictly prohibited. Lodging facilities are available out side the Park at Guijan Forest I.B. for which advance booking is necessary. However, private Hotels are also available at Tinsukia Town at a very reasonable rate.|
The pearl horse found at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Tinsukia District has 79 feral horses at its inhabitants at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. The feral horse(escaped and living wild) has escaped the Army camps of World War-II, while others were left loose during the earthquake here in 1950. These 79 horses are third and fourth generation of those tamed army horses.
|1890 :||Declaration of Dibru Reserve Forest|
|1920 :||1st addition of area to the Dibru Reserve Forest|
|1928 :||Declaration of Saikhowa Reserve Forest(Preliminary Notification)|
|1929 :Declaration of Saikhowa Reserve Forest(Final Notification)|
|1933 :||2nd addition of area to the Dibru Reserve Forest|
|1986 :||Declaration of Dibru-Saikhowa Wild Life Sanctuary by the inclusion of Dibru and Saikhowa Reserve Forest and some other adjoining areas. Total area-640 Sq.Km.(Perliminary Notification).|
|1995 :||Declaration of Dibru-Saikhowa Wild Life Sanctuary (Final Notification Area-340Sq.Km.)|
|1997 :||Declaration of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Area-765 Sq. Km. Core Zone area-340 Sq. Km., the entire area of the wild Life Sanctuary and Buffer Zone area 425 Sq. Km. surrounding the core zone.|
|1999 :||Declaration of the entire 340 Sq. Km. area of the Wild Life Sanctuary as Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.|
|Dibru-Saikhowa is well connected by air,National Highway and railway. Tinsukia town, where the office of DFO wildlife Division, Tinsukia is located and also the district hq. of the district. Tinsukia is the nearest town to Dibru-Saikhowa, which is 500 km away Guwahati. Dibrugarh is the nearest airport which is about 40km away from Tinsukia Town. Distance from Tinsukia to Guijan and Dhola entry point is about 10km and 50km respectively. Buses, Taxies and Autorickshaws are available at Tinsukia.|
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